Wooden Church – the largest
St. Cross near Liptovská Mara) is the largest wooden church on the territory of
Slovakia. It is 43 meters long and 11.5 meters high. It has 72 windows and 12
doors and holds 6,000 people. It was built in 1774 by Master Jozef Lang, a
carpenter, and his forty assistants. The church was erected in less than one
year (exactly eight months and 22 days) in order to obey Hungarian law, which
allowed evangelicals to build churches under conditions almost impossible of
fulfilment. An interesting thing is that not a single nail was used during its
The oldest wooden church in Slovakia, a national cultural monument, is situated
in the village of Hervartov (the district of Bardejov). The Roman-Catholic
Gothic Church of St. Francis of Assisi was built about 1500. Its belfry was
The stately wooden church with a polygonal presbytery,
longitudinal aisle, and main tower is surrounded by a reconstructed wall. The
construction is built from precious yew wood.
It was originally decorated by
simple ornamental paintings, which are partly preserved in the sanctuary.
Originally painted Gothic panes are situated on the site of the altar. In 1665,
the number of extremely interesting late-Renaissance wall paintings with Latin
citations and dates increased. They present motifs of clever and foolish
maidens, Adam and Eve, and St. George large compositions.
The church, along
with 26 other wooden churches in eastern Slovakia, represents a unique
collection of wooden ecclesiastical buildings.